Ebe, Koji Japan Low Carbohydrate Diet Promotion Association|Takao Hospital
Muneta, Tetsuo Japan Low Carbohydrate Diet Promotion Association|Muneta Maternity Clinic
Bando, Masahiro Tokushima University
Yonei, Yoshikazu Doshisha University
area under the curves (AUC)
insulinogenic index (IGI)
type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
morbus value (M value)
delta ratio of IGI
AUC ratio of IGI
Background: Diabetic nutritional treatment involves the discussion of Low Carbohydrate Diet (LCD) and Calorie Restriction (CR). Authors have initiated and developed LCD in Japan and continued clinical research. In this study, we investigated glucose variability in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Subjects and Methods: Subjects were 60 T2DM patients of 62.7 years in average with its fasting immunoreactive insulin (IRI) less than 5μU/mL. Methods include basal blood test, daily profile of blood glucose and insulinogenic index (IGI) for 70g of carbohydrate (0-30min) in CR breakfast. Correlation among these and comparison in 4 groups categorized by Morbus value were analyzed. Results: Basal data revealed HbA1c 7.9%, daily glucose 222 mg/dL in average, and Triglyceride 83 mg/dL, Morbus value 150, HOMA-R 1.1, HOMA-β 11.0 in median. Delta Ratio of IGI and AUC ratio of IGI showed significant correlations with M value and HbA1c (p<0.01). Discussion and Conclusion: Meal Tolerance Test (MTT) has been recently used for convenient methods and meaningful results. AUC ratio suggests a little superior than Delta ratio for its higher correlation coefficient. These results would become the basal data in this field, and further development of related research is expected in the future.
American Journal of Diabetes Research
Mak Periodical Library
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