Ebe, Koji Japan Low Carbohydrate Diet Promotion Association|Takao Hospital
Muneta, Tetsuo Japan Low Carbohydrate Diet Promotion Association|Muneta Maternity Clinic
Bando, Masahiro Tokushima University
Yonei, Yoshikazu Doshisha University
Background: Discussion of Low Carbohydrate Diet (LCD) and Calorie Restriction (CR) has been continued. Authors have reported research about LCD, CR and Morbus (M) value. In current study, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) was also investigated together, with the purpose of study for insulin resistance and secretory ability.
Subjects and Methods: Subjects were 56 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with fasting immunoreacitve insulin (IRI) in 5-10 μU/mL. Methods included basal tests, glucose, IRI, HOMA-R, HOMA-β, daily profile of glucose on day 2 and 14 during LCD meal.
Results: The obtained data were as follows: average age 63.1 ± 10.5 yo., average HbA1c 7.9 ± 1.9%. Median values are fasting glucose 150 mg/dL, HOMA-R 2.6, HOMA-β 25.9. Divided into 4 groups due to M value, HOMA-R and HOMA-β in each group were 2.3, 2.6, 2.2, 3.5, and 46.1, 40.7, 24.3, 15.9, respectively. Median values on day 2 vs. 14 were: average blood glucose 181mg/dL vs. 139mg/dL, M value 60.7 vs. 10.2, triglyceride 129 mg/dL vs. 89.5 mg/dL. The level of M value showed significant correlation to average glucose, M value, and HOMA-β (p<0.01).
Discussion and Conclusion: The results suggested that patients have insulin resistance and decreased β cell function, LCD would have effects for improving glucose variability, and data would be useful and beneficial for future research.
Stechnolock Journal of Case Reports
Copyright: © 2019 Bando H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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