ID 111993
著者
Takamura, Haruna Tokushima University
キーワード
diabetes mellitus
forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1)
periodontal disease
Porphyromonas gingivalis
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Objective: Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) is a pathogen involved in periodontal disease. Recently, periodontal disease has been demonstrated to increase the risk of developing diabetes mellitus, although the molecular mechanism is not fully understood. Forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1) is a transcriptional factor that regulates gluconeogenesis in the liver. Gluconeogenesis is a key process in the induction of diabetes mellitus; however, little is known regarding the relationship between periodontal disease and gluconeogenesis. In this study, to investigate whether periodontal disease influences hepatic gluconeogenesis, we examined the effects of P. gingivalis on the phosphorylation and translocation of FoxO1 in insulin-induced human hepatocytes.
Design: The human hepatocyte HepG2 was treated with insulin and Akt and FoxO1 phosphorylation was detected by western blot analysis. The localization of phosphorylated FoxO1 was detected by immunocytochemistry and western blot analysis. HepG2 cells were treated with SNAP26b-tagged P. gingivalis (SNAP-P. g.) before insulin stimulation, and then the changes in Akt and FoxO1 were determined by western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry.
Results: Insulin (100 nM) induced FoxO1 phosphorylation 60 min after treatment in HepG2 cells. Phosphorylated FoxO1 translocated to the cytoplasm. SNAP-P.g. internalized into HepG2 cells and decreased Akt and FoxO1 phosphorylation induced by insulin. The effect of insulin on FoxO1 translocation was also attenuated by SNAP-P.g.
Conclusions: Our study shows that P. gingivalis decreases the phosphorylation and translocation of FoxO induced by insulin in HepG2 cells. Our results suggest that periodontal disease may increase hepatic gluconeogenesis by reducing the effects of insulin on FoxO1.
掲載誌名
Archives of Oral Biology
ISSN
00039969
cat書誌ID
AA00548457
AA11521918
出版者
Elsevier
69
開始ページ
19
終了ページ
24
発行日
2016-05-10
権利情報
© 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
EDB ID
出版社版DOI
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
著者版
部局
歯学系