宮崎, 克己 Tokushima University
武原, 悠花子 Tokushima University
Aim: Pancreatectomy causes both hyperglycemia, secondary to surgical stress, and pancreatic diabetes, which leads to difficult-to-control postoperative blood glucose levels. We investigated whether using an artificial pancreas perioperatively to provide appropriate blood glucose control could reduce postoperative complications following pancreatectomy.
Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 52 patients who underwent pancreatectomy at Tokushima University Hospital from 2015 to 2019. The most recent 26/52 patients received perioperative blood glucose control using an artificial pancreas. Postoperative blood glucose control with manual insulin injections based on a sliding scale was performed in the earlier 26 patients (controls). We compared surgical outcomes between the artificial pancreas group and the control group.
Results: There was no significant difference in patients' white blood cell or neutrophil counts, prognostic nutritional index, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio on postoperative day 1; however, lymphocyte counts were higher in the artificial pancreas group. The number of serious complications of Clavien-Dindo grade >IIIa was significantly lower in the artificial pancreas group (P < .05).
Conclusions: Using an artificial pancreas for perioperative blood glucose control in patients undergoing pancreatectomy decreased the number of serious complications through proper management of blood glucose levels without hypoglycemia, and may influence peripheral lymphocytes.
Annals of Gastroenterological Surgery
The Japanese Society of Gastroenterological Surgery|Wiley
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