Preventive Effect of TJ-90 against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity
Background and purpose: Chinese herbal medicine has been developed as the traditional Japanese Kampo medicine, and it has been widely used to cure various symptoms in clinical practice. However, only a few studies are currently available on the effect of the Kampo medicine on renal disease. Nephrotoxicity is one of major side effect of cisplatin, the first metal-based anticancer drug. In the present study, we examined the effect of the Kampo medicine against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN).
Methods: First, we screened the ethical Kampo extract formulation having positive effect against CIN using HK-2 cells. Next, we examined the preventive action of the selected ethical Kampo extract formulation against CIN in vivo using a mouse model.
Results: Cisplatin-induced cell death was significantly suppressed by TJ-43 (Rikkunshito) and TJ-90 (Seihaito); however, cisplatin-induced cleaved caspase-3 expression was inhibited only by TJ-90. In an in vivo mouse model of cisplatin-induced kidney injury with dysfunction and increased inflammatory cytokine expression, TJ-90 showed amelioration of these damaging effects. Cisplatin-induced apoptosis and superoxide production were inhibited by treatment with TJ-90. The expression of cleaved caspase-3, 4-hydroxynonenal, and MAPK phosphorylation increased after cisplatin administration, but decreased after the administration of TJ-90. Among 16 crude drug extracts present in Seihaito, Bamboo Culm (Chikujo in Japanese) inhibited cisplatin-induced cell death and cleaved caspase-3 expression in HK-2 cells. Moreover, the anti-tumor effect of cisplatin was not affected by TJ-90 co-treatment in cancer cell lines.
Conclusion: TJ-90 might have a novel preventive action against CIN through the suppression of inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress without interfering with the anti-tumor effect of cisplatin. Collectively, these findings might contribute to innovations in supportive care for cancer treatment-related side effects.
© 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/