Takihara, Yoshihiro Hiroshima University
Pagano, Michele New York University|Howard Hughes Medical Institute
高田, 隆 Hiroshima University
Geminin, an essential factor for DNA replication, directly binds to the licensing factor Cdt1 and inhibits pre-replicative complex formation to prevent re-replication. In G1, geminin levels are controlled by the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) ubiquitin ligase complex, which targets geminin for proteasomal degradation to allow pre-replicative complex formation. Conversely, from S to G2, geminin is stabilized due to APC/C ubiquitin ligase complex inhibition, ensuring the inhibition of pre-replicative complex formation. However, mitotic regulation of geminin has hitherto not been described. Here we show that Aurora-A phosphorylates geminin on Thr25 during M phase, and this event induces geminin stabilization by preventing its APC/C ubiquitin ligase complex-mediated degradation during mitosis. In turn, stabilized geminin inhibits SCFSkp2-mediated degradation of Cdt1 to ensure pre-replicative complex formation in the ensuing S phase. The Aurora-A–geminin–Cdt1 axis therefore represents a critical regulator of proper DNA replication.
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