Comparison of daily activities and meals between Femoral Fracture and Control Group
Matsuzaki, Kazuyo Tokushima Red Cross Hospital|The University of Tokushima
Kayashita, Atsuko Tokushima Red Cross Hospital
Yamato, Harue Tokushima Red Cross Hospital
The aim of this study was to clarify the actual conditions of daily activities and meals in female patients with femoral fracture and compare them with women in the same age group. Subjects were ５０ female patients with femoral fracture （a femoral fracture group） and ５０ women in the same age group （control group） whose consent had been obtained, and we investigated their daily activities and ingestion of calcium-rich foods for bone metabolism. The investigation duration was October ２００５ to March ２００７. For statistical processing, chi-square test was performed with SPSS. The study was approved by each participating institutional ethics review board. The average age of the femoral fracture group was ８０．４ years （SD ： ８．９years）, and that of the control group was ７９．０ years（SD ： ５．２ years）, showing no significant difference. The numbers of patients with a history of fracture were２５ （５０％）in the femoral fracture group and ０（０％） in the control group, with the fracture group, being significantly large in the number. For daily activities, the numbers of patients answering that they had exposure to sunshine once daily were ４０ （８０％） in the fracture group and ４７ （９４％） in the control group, with the fracture group, being significantly small in the number. Other daily activities, unbalanced diets, dietary restriction or water ingestion showed no significant difference between the groups. For foods, only yogurt intake showed a significant difference between the groups, with the intake being larger in the femoral fracture group. The intake of milk, small fishes, etc. showed no significant difference between the groups. Women with a history of fracture have higher risk to have femoral fracture. A significant difference in amount of sun exposure was confirmed between the control and inpatient groups regarding.
The Journal of Nursing Investigation
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