Teramoto, Tamio Teikyo University
Kiyosue, Arihiro University of Tokyo
Ishigaki, Yasushi Iwate Medical University
Harada-Shiba, Mariko National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center Research Institute
Kawabata, Yumiko Sanofi Japan
Ozaki, Asuka Sanofi Japan
Baccara-Dinet, Marie T. R&D Sanofi
Background: Alirocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, given every 2 weeks (Q2W), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in Japanese hypercholesterolemic patients on background statin. We evaluated alirocumab 150 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W) in patients on lowest-dose statin or non-statin lipid-lowering therapy (LLT).
Methods: ODYSSEY NIPPON was a double-blind study conducted in Japanese patients with LDL-C≥100 mg/dL (heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia or non-familial hypercholesterolemia with coronary heart disease) or ≥120 mg/dL (non-familial hypercholesterolemia, Japan Atherosclerosis Society category III) on atorvastatin 5 mg/day or non-statin LLT. Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to subcutaneous alirocumab 150 mg Q4W, alirocumab 150 mg Q2W, or placebo for the 12-week double-blind treatment period (DBTP), followed by a 52-week open-label treatment period (OLTP). At entry into the OLTP, patients received alirocumab 150 mg Q4W, with possible up-titration to 150 mg Q2W at Week 24.
Results: Least-square mean percent change in LDL-C from baseline at Week 12 (primary efficacy endpoint) was -43.8% for alirocumab Q4W, -70.1% for Q2W, and -4.3% for placebo. During the OLTP, mean LDL-C change from baseline was -45.1% at Week 20, with a further reduction at Week 36, with achieved levels maintained to Week 64. Percent of patients with≥1 adverse event (DBTP) was 51.9% with alirocumab Q4W, 47.2% with Q2W, and 46.4% with placebo. Most common adverse events were infections and infestations (25.9%, 22.6%, 17.9%, respectively), gastrointestinal disorders (13.0%, 9.4%, 12.5%), nervous system disorders (5.6%, 7.5%, 10.7%), and general disorders and administration-site conditions (3.7%, 11.3%, 5.4%).
Conclusions: Hypercholesterolemic Japanese patients who tolerate only lowest-strength dose statin or non-statin LLT can achieve robust LDL-C reduction with alirocumab 150 mg Q4W, in addition to their current LLT. Alirocumab 150 mg Q4W dosing was efficacious and generally well tolerated without new safety concerns.
Journal of Cardiology
Elsevier Ltd.|Japanese College of Cardiology
© 2018 The Authors. ISDN. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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