ミヤウチ, タカユキ First Department of Surgery, The University of Tokushima School of Medicine
イシカワ, マサシ First Department of Surgery, The University of Tokushima School of Medicine
ヒサエダ, ハジメ Department of Parasitology and Immunology, The University of Tokushima School of Medicine
ヒメノ, クニスケ Department of Parasitology and Immunology, The University of Tokushima School of Medicine
small bowel transplantation
We previously reported that the combined treatment of perioperative administration of donor splenocytes via the recipient's portal vein (DSPV) and a short-course Tacrolimus significantly prolonged the survival of fully allogenic grafts in rat small bowel transplantation (SBTX). In the present study we examined whether this effect depended on the quantity of the administered alloantigens in DSPV. In addition, we examined the expression of the surface antigen on T cells of the splenocytes and the induced toleragenic factor, according to the tolerant recipients which in our previous report had shown the prolongation of allogenic transplant small bowel graft survival by the combined treatment of DSPV (1×108 donor splenocytes) and a short-course Tacrolimus. Donor splenocytes were prepared from Brown-Norway (BN (RT1n)) rat spleens for Lewis (LEW (RT1l)) recipients. The recipients (n=10), treated with a short course of Tacrolimus (0.5mg/kg, 0 to 3 days postoperatively) only showed graft rejection with an average of 6.3±1.0 days postoperatively. However, the combined treatment, consisting of DSPV of 1×108 donor splenocytes and a short course Tacrolimus significantly prolonged graft survival to 12.7±2.1 days (n=12, P<0.01). DSPV of less than 1×108 donor splenocytes (5×107 cells and 2.5×107) could not prolong the graft or animal survival under a short-course Tacrolimus treatment. In the tolerant recipients, the CD4 and CD8 percentages of splenocytes were not significantly different from those of control rats or recipients that were treated with short-course Tacrolimus alone. Neverthless, the percentage of Tcr-αβ+ cells expressing IL-2 receptor (R) was significantly lower than in either control rats or the recipients with short-course Tacrolimus. In the suppression assay to one-way mixed lymphocyte response, a toleragenic factor was suggested to the present in the serum of the tolerant recipients. In the present study, it was suggested that the effects of the combined treatment of DSPV and short-course Tacrolimus for the prolongation of graft survival in the rat allogenic SBTX should depended on the quantity of the antigens administered into the portal vein. The beneficial effects of this treatment were reflected in the suppression of IL-2R on the recipient's splenocytes, and tolerogenic factor(s) might subsequently be induced in the tolerant recipient's serum.
The journal of medical investigation : JMI
LID201112051005.pdf 195 KB