Long-term Outcomes of Brachytherapy in Japanese Patients
上野, 恵輝 徳島大学大学院医学研究科（医学専攻）
Tomida, Ryotaro Tokushima University
Long-term follow up
without external beam radiation
Background/Aim: Evaluation of long-term outcomes is essential for the successful treatment of localized prostate cancer; however, the risk of late recurrence following brachytherapy is still not clear. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of low-dose-rate brachytherapy (LDR-BT) for localized prostate cancer in Japanese patients and identify factors associated with late recurrence after treatment. Patients and Methods: This single-center, cohort study included patients who underwent LDR-BT at the Tokushima University Hospital in Japan between July 2004 and January 2015; 418 patients, who were followed-up at least 7 years after LDR-BT, were included in the study. Biochemical progression free survival (bPFS) was defined according to the Phoenix definition (nadir PSA+2 ng/ml) and bPFS and cancer specific survival (CSS) were calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazard regression models. Results: Approximately half of the patients with PSA >0.5 ng/ml at 5 years after LDR-BT had a recurrence within the next 2 years. However, only 1.4% of the patients with a PSA ≤0.2 ng/ml at 5 years post-treatment showed tumor recurrence, including those at high risk of treatment failure according to the D’Amico classification. In multivariate analysis, PSA level at 5 years post-treatment was the only predictor of late recurrence after 7 years of treatment. Conclusion: PSA levels at 5 years post-treatment were associated with long-term recurrence of localized prostate cancer, which can help alleviate patient anxiety concerning prostate cancer recurrence if PSA levels remain low at 5 years after LDR-BT.
International Institute of Anticancer Research
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC-ND) 4.0 international license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0).
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