Harada, Megumi Kawashima Dialysis Clinic
Yokota, Narushi Kawashima Hospital
Okada, Daigo Kawashima Hospital
Michiwaki, Hiroyuki Kawashima Dialysis Clinic
Hirose, Daisuke Kawashima Dialysis Clinic
Minakuchi, Jun Kawashima Hospital
Tsuchida, Kenji Kawashima Hospital
Vascular quality of life questionnaire (VascuQOL)
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
Low-density lipoprotein apheresis (LDL-A)
Skin perfusion pressure (SPP)
Ankle brachial index (ABI)
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common complication in dialysis patients. Early diagnosis and treatment are recommended. Low-density lipoprotein apheresis (LDL-A) is a potential therapy to improve PAD. However, the mechanism has yet to be fully clarified due to lack of established quantitative methods to assess the therapeutic effects of LDL-A treatment. Improvement of skin perfusion pressure (SPP) or ankle brachial index (ABI) is a representative therapy goal, but clinical symptoms were not always consistent with the values of SPP/ABI. Vascular quality of life questionnaire (VascuQOL) was proposed as a disease-specific QOL score, getting validated recently. The possibility of VascuQOL to reflect the severity of PAD in dialysis patients and evaluate the therapeutic effects of LDL-A has yet to be elucidated.
Methods: This is an observational study. LDL-A treatment was performed in 32 dialysis patients with PAD. They were divided to critical limb ischemia (CLI) group (17 subjects) and non-CLI group (15 subjects) according to their clinical manifestations. We examined the relationship of PAD severity with SPP, ABI, VascuQOL, and lipid profile such as apoB/apoA-I ratio, malondialdehyde-modified LDL, and remnant-like particles cholesterol. Furthermore, we evaluated these parameters successively to find out a suitable therapeutic marker just after the first LDL-A, at tenth LDL-A, and 1 month after completion of LDL-A treatment.
Results: All of the lipid markers were higher in CLI patients, but not significantly different from those in the non-CLI group. They decreased significantly just after LDL-A, although no changes were observed 1 month after completion of LDL-A treatment. ABI was significantly different between the CLI and non-CLI groups, but did not improve by LDL-A treatment. By contrast, SPP was ameliorated significantly and the peak was at tenth LDL-A. Among VascuQOL domains, “Symptom” and “Emotional” domains were significantly different between the CLI and non-CLI groups. The average score of VascuQOL increased successively until 1 month after completion of LDL-A treatment.
Conclusions: Several domains of VascuQOL can reflect the severity of PAD in dialysis patients. VascuQOL was a useful marker to show the prolonged therapeutic effects of LDL-A treatment in dialysis patients with PAD, independent of SPP.
Renal Replacement Therapy
BioMed Central|Springer Nature
© 2016 The Author(s). Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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