Tsuda, Tatsuya Tokushima University
今西, 正樹 Tokushima University
Oogoshi, Mizuho Tokushima University
堀ノ内, 裕也 Tokushima University
Rho-associated protein kinase
Vascular smooth muscle cell
Arterial calcification, a risk factor of cardiovascular events, develops with differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) into osteoblast-like cells. Cyclophilin A (CypA) is a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase involved in cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and aortic aneurysms, and rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) is involved in the pathogenesis of vascular calcification. CypA is secreted in a ROCK activity-dependent manner and works as a mitogen via autocrine or paracrine mechanisms in VSMCs. We examined the involvement of the ROCK-CypA axis in VSMC calcification induced by inorganic phosphate (Pi), a potent cell mineralization initiator. We found that Pi stimulated ROCK activity, CypA secretion, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2 phosphorylation, and runt-related transcription factor 2 expression, resulting in calcium accumulation in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs). The ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 significantly suppressed Pi-induced CypA secretion, ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and calcium accumulation. Recombinant CypA was found to be associated with increased calcium accumulation in RASMCs. Based on these results, we suggest that autocrine CypA is mediated by ROCK activity and is involved in Pi-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation following calcification signaling in RASMCs.
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Japanese Pharmacological Society|Elsevier
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
jphs_142_3_109.pdf 1.07 MB