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ID 114951
著者
Nakamoto, Takahiro The University of Tokyo|Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Takahashi, Wataru The University of Tokyo
芳賀, 昭弘 The University of Tokyo|Tokushima University 徳島大学 教育研究者総覧
Takahashi, Satoshi The University of Tokyo
Kiryu, Shigeru International University of Health and Welfare
Nawa, Kanabu The University of Tokyo
Ohta, Takeshi The University of Tokyo
Ozaki, Sho The University of Tokyo
Nozawa, Yuki The University of Tokyo
Tanaka, Shota The University of Tokyo
Mukasa, Akitake Kumamoto University
Nakagawa, Keiichi The University of Tokyo
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
We conducted a feasibility study to predict malignant glioma grades via radiomic analysis using contrast-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (CE-T1WIs) and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (T2WIs). We proposed a framework and applied it to CE-T1WIs and T2WIs (with tumor region data) acquired preoperatively from 157 patients with malignant glioma (grade III: 55, grade IV: 102) as the primary dataset and 67 patients with malignant glioma (grade III: 22, grade IV: 45) as the validation dataset. Radiomic features such as size/shape, intensity, histogram, and texture features were extracted from the tumor regions on the CE-T1WIs and T2WIs. The Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney (WMW) test and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression (LASSO-LR) were employed to select the radiomic features. Various machine learning (ML) algorithms were used to construct prediction models for the malignant glioma grades using the selected radiomic features. Leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) was implemented to evaluate the performance of the prediction models in the primary dataset. The selected radiomic features for all folds in the LOOCV of the primary dataset were used to perform an independent validation. As evaluation indices, accuracies, sensitivities, specificities, and values for the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (or simply the area under the curve (AUC)) for all prediction models were calculated. The mean AUC value for all prediction models constructed by the ML algorithms in the LOOCV of the primary dataset was 0.902 ± 0.024 (95% CI (confidence interval), 0.873–0.932). In the independent validation, the mean AUC value for all prediction models was 0.747 ± 0.034 (95% CI, 0.705–0.790). The results of this study suggest that the malignant glioma grades could be sufficiently and easily predicted by preparing the CE-T1WIs, T2WIs, and tumor delineations for each patient. Our proposed framework may be an effective tool for preoperatively grading malignant gliomas.
掲載誌名
Scientific Reports
ISSN
20452322
出版者
Springer Nature
9
開始ページ
19411
発行日
2019-12-19
権利情報
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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言語
eng
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出版社版
部局
医学系