The aims of the present study were to develop and check the utility and feasibility of a novel right ventricular (RV) functional index (RV angular velocity; RVω, s−1) derived from the angular velocity in harmonic oscillator kinematics obtained from the RV pressure waveform. We hypothesized that RVω reflects the myocardial performance index (MPI), which represents global RV function. A total of 132 consecutive patients, ranging in age from 3 months to 34 years with various cardiac diseases were included in this prospective study. RVω was defined as the difference between the peak derivative of pressure (dP/dt_max − dP/dt_min) divided by the difference between the maximum and minimum pressure (Pmax – Pmin). RVω showed significant negative correlations with the pulsed-wave Dopplerderived myocardial performance index (PWD-MPI) and the tissue Doppler imaging-derived MPI (TDI-MPI) (r = −0.52 and −0.51, respectively; both p < 0.0001). RVω also showed significant positive correlations with RV fractional area change (RVFAC) and RV ejection fraction (RVEF) (r = 0.41 and 0.39, respectively; both p < 0.0001), as well as a significant negative correlation with tricuspid E/e′ (r = −0.19, p = 0.0283). The clinical feasibility and utility of RVω for assessing global RV performance, incorporating both systolic and diastolic function, were demonstrated.
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