Effect of controlled ventilation on diaphragm
Takashima, Takuya Tokushima University
Nunomura, Toshiyuki Kochi Red Cross Hospital
ventilator-induced diaphragm disfunction
Background : Since diaphragm passivity induces oxidative stress that leads to rapid atrophy of diaphragm, we investigated the effect of controlled ventilation on diaphragm thickness during assist-control ventilation (ACV). Methods : Previously, we measured end-expiratory diaphragm thickness (Tdiee) of patients mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours on days 1, 3, 5 and 7 after the start of ventilation. We retrospectively investigated the proportion of controlled ventilation during the initial 48-hour ACV (CV48%). Patients were classified according to CV48% : Low group, less than 25% ; High group, higher than 25%. Results : Of 56 patients under pressure-control ACV, Tdiee increased more than 10% in 6 patients (11%), unchanged in 8 patients (14%) and decreased more than 10% in 42 patients (75%). During the first week of ventilation, Tdiee decreased in both groups : Low (difference, -7.4% ; 95% confidence interval [CI], -10.1% to -4.6% ; p < 0.001) and High group (difference, -5.2% ; 95% CI, -8.5% to -2.0% ; p = 0.049). Maximum Tdiee variation from baseline did not differ between Low (-15.8% ; interquartile range [IQR], -22.3 to -1.5) and High group (-16.7% ; IQR, -22.6 to -11.1, p = 0.676). Conclusions : During ACV, maximum variation in Tdiee was not associated with proportion of controlled ventilation higher than 25%.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
jmi_67_3-4_332.pdf 366 KB