A comparison of strengths-oriented attitude by Principal Component Analysis among nurses, psychiatric social workers, and occupational therapists in psychiatric hospitals
psychiatric social workers
principal component analysis
The purpose of this study was to compare the strengths-oriented attitude among psychiatric nurses（PNs）, psychiatric social workers（PSWs）and occupational therapists（OTs）working at psychiatric hospitals using principal component analysis. Survey subjects were ８９９ PNs, １００ PSWs and ９０ OTs employed at １７ psychiatric hospitals in Japan who consented to participate in the study. The self-administered questionnaire was mailed and returned between from October ２０１３ to January ２０１４. The subjects’ strengths-oriented attitude was evaluated using the Strengths-Oriented Attitude Inventory（SOAI）developed by the authors based on the work by Rapp and Goscha. The loading of the primary ingredient of the SOAI was compared by Principal Component analysis among occupations. A common strengths-oriented attitude of PNs, PSWs, and OTs was the assessment for psychiatric inpatients’ social life, the ability to perform activities of daily life （ADL）, mental status, and taking care and therapeutic intervention. Especially, in the differences of characteristics depending on the specialty, PNs focus on physical health, PSWs emphasize economics and housing, and OTs emphasis on functional recovery of their ADL. Differences in strength-oriented attitudes have shown the commonality and specialty of each healthcare provider.
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