β-Carotene Suppresses Cytokine Production
Lew, Jung Hwan Tokushima University
Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS
Periodontitis is associated with development of diabetes mellitus. Although lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), a major pathogen of periodontitis, may lead the progression of diabetes complications, the precise mechanisms are unclear. We, therefore, investigated the effects of β-carotene on production of Pg LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines in human monocytes cultured high glucose (HG) condition. THP-1 cells were cultured under 5.5 mM or 25 mM glucose conditions, and cells were stimulated with Pg LPS. To investigate the productivity of TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1, cell supernatants were collected for ELISA. To examine the effects of NF-kB signals on cytokine production, Bay11-7082 was used. HG enhanced Pg LPS-induced production of TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1 via NF-kB signals in THP-1. β-carotene suppressed the enhancement of the Pg LPS-induced cytokine production in THP-1 via NF-κB inactivation. Our results suggest that β-carotene might be a potential anti-inflammatory nutrient for circulating Pg LPS-mediated cytokine production in diabetic patients with periodontitis.
Cell Biology International
International Federation for Cell Biology|Wiley
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Kajiura, Y. , Nishikawa, Y. , Lew, J. H., Kido, J. , Nagata, T. and Naruishi, K. (2018), β‐carotene suppresses Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide‐mediated cytokine production in THP‐1 monocytes cultured with high glucose condition. Cell Biol Int, 42: 105-111, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/cbin.10873. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
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