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ID 387
タイトルヨミ
コトガラ ノ ジカンテキ コウゾウ ニンシキ ト ジセイ シヨウ ニツイテ
タイトル別表記
On Cognition of Temporal Structure of Event and Usage of Tense
著者
資料タイプ
紀要論文
抄録
Present tense in many languages does not only denote an actual event occurring at speech time but also has some usages that cannot be explained by a mere time relationship: generic and habitual usages. We show that these will be explained in terms of mental process in speaker's brain as a result of interplay of the memory of perceptions and experiences in past and perception at present time. We further exemplify how knwolege of a generic fact is obtained from a specific happening. This mental process explains why present tense gives strong reality to a sentence using it. Next, we show that some Jananese past expressions must be considered as a result of interplay of memory and present perception, not as an expression of direct perception of a past event. This means that cognition of temporal structure in an overall flow of time plays an essential role. The same type of cognition applies to a German adverb schon, too.
掲載誌名
言語文化研究
ISSN
13405632
cat書誌ID
AN10436724
5
開始ページ
175
終了ページ
188
並び順
175
発行日
1998-02-20
備考
公開日:2010年1月24日で登録したコンテンツは、国立情報学研究所において電子化したものです。
EDB ID
フルテキストファイル
言語
jpn
部局
総合科学系