水野, 玲奈 徳島大学大学院医科学教育部（医学専攻）
Shimizu, Kenji Tokushima University
Watada, Mizuki Tokushima University
T cell activation
TNF receptor super family
Cancer immunotherapies targeting programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 revolutionized cancer treatment and instigated various trials to develop new cancer immunotherapies with higher therapeutic efficacy. Agonistic Abs against tumor necrosis factor receptor super family (TNFRSF) molecules are highly expected due to their high potential to enhance survival, proliferation, and effector function of T cells. To date, agonistic antibodies (Abs) against CD27, GITR, OX40, and 4-1BB have been reported to increase the efficacy of anti-PD-1 therapy in animal models and clinical trials of these combinatorial therapies are underway. However, the mechanisms how agonistic Abs against TNFRSF molecules potentiate anti-PD-1 therapy are not well understood. Here we examined the potency of PD-1 to inhibit the antigen-dependent activation of T cells in the presence of co-stimulation through CD27 and GITR by using in vitro and ex vivo co-culture systems of T cells and antigen presenting cells. The cytokine secretion from T cells upon antigen stimulation was strongly augmented by the engagement of CD27 or GITR with their corresponding ligands. Remarkably, PD-1 efficiently inhibited the activation of T cells even in the presence of co-stimulation through CD27 or GITR. Accordingly, cytokine secretion was synergistically augmented when PD-1 blockade was combined with triggering of CD27 or GITR. These results indicate that the triggering of TNFRSF molecules and PD-1 blockade can act on the same individual cells simultaneously to augment the magnitude of T cell activation, providing the rationale for the combinatorial usage of agonistic Abs against TNFRSF molecules and blocking Abs against PD-1 or PD-L1.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
© 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc.
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