Role of miR-518c-5p in Oral Cancer
木内, 誠 徳島大学大学院口腔科学教育部（口腔科学専攻）
We have previously demonstrated that a stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1; CXCL12)/CXCR4 system is involved in the establishment of metastasis in oral cancer. Recently, small non coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be involved in the metastatic process of several types of cancers. However, the miRNAs that contribute to metastases induced by the SDF-1/CXCR4 system in oral cancer are largely unknown. In this study, we examined the metastasis-related miRNAs induced by the SDF-1/CXCR4 system using B88-SDF-1 oral cancer cells, which exhibit functional CXCR4 and distant metastatic potential in vivo. Through miRNA microarray analysis, we identified the upregulation of miR-518c-5p in B88- SDF-1 cells, and confirmed the induction by real-time PCR analysis. Although an LNA-based miR-518c-5p inhibitor did not affect cell growth of B88-SDF-1 cells, it did significantly inhibit the migration of the cells. Next, we transfected a miR-518c expression vector into parental B88 cells and CAL27 oral cancer cells and isolated stable transfectants, B88-518c and CAL27-518c cells, respectively. The anchorage-dependent and -independent growth of miR-518c transfectants was significantly enhanced compared with the growth of mock cells. Moreover, we detected the enhanced migration of these cells. The LNA-based miR-518c-5p inhibitor significantly impaired the enhanced cell growth and migration of miR-518c transfectants, indicating that these phenomena were mainly dependent on the expression of miR-518c-5p. Next, we examined the function of miR-518c-5p in vivo. miR-518c transfectants or mock transfectants were inoculated into the masseter muscle or the blood vessels of nude mice. Tumor volume, lymph nodes metastasis, and lung metastasis were significantly increased in the mice inoculated with the miR-518c transfectants. These results indicated that miR-518c-5p regulates the growth and metastasis of oral cancer as a downstream target of the SDF-1/CXCR4 system.
内容要旨 : LID201505291004.pdf
審査要旨 : LID201505291005.pdf
論文本文 : LID201505291006.pdf
本論文は, 著者Makoto Kinouchiの学位論文として提出され, 学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
Copyright: 2014 Kinouchi et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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