宮崎, 克己 Tokushima University
Background: Daikenchuto (TU-100), a Japanese herbal medicine, is widely used for various gastrointestinal diseases. We have previously reported that TU-100 suppresses CPT-11-induced bacterial translocation (BT) by maintaining the diversity of the microbiome. In this study we show that TU-100 modulates the immune response during BT by inducing PD-1 expression in Peyer's patches.
Methods: Eighteen male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: a control group; a control + TU-100 group, given TU-100 1000 mg/kg orally for 5 d; a BT group, given CPT-11 250 mg/kg intra-peritoneal for 2 d; and a TU-100 group, given TU-100 1000 mg/kg orally for 5 d with CPT-11 250 mg/kg intra-peritoneal on days 4 and 5.
Results: The size of Peyer's patch was significantly bigger in the BT group compared to the control group (9.0 × 104 µm2 vs 29.4 × 104 µm2, P < .05), but improved in the TU-100 group (15.4 × 104 µm2, P < .005). TU-100 significantly induced PD-1 expression in Peyer's patch compared to the control group and the BT group (control vs BT vs TU-100 = 4.3 ± 4.9 vs 5.1 ± 10.3 vs 17.9 ± 17.8). The CD4+ cells were increased in the BT group (P < .05) compared to the control group but decreased in the TU-100 group. The Foxp3+ cells were increased in the BT group compared to the control group (P < .05), and further increased in the TU-100 group compared to the BT group. CPT-11 significantly increased TLR4, NF-κβ, TNF-α mRNA expressions in the BT group. TU-100 cotreatment significantly reversed these mRNA expressions.
Conclusion: TU-100 may have a protective effect against BT through PD-1 expression in Peyer's patch.
Annals of Gastroenterological Surgery
The Japanese Society of Gastroenterological Surgery|Wiley
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