Relationship between self-compassion, exercise and physical education experiences, and subjective well-being in university students.
小澤, 怜奈 徳島大学
上原, 泉 お茶の水女子大学
This study examined how exercise and physical education (PE) experiences and exercise images are related to self-compassion, physical competence, and subjective well-being. One hundred eighty-three undergraduate and graduate students completed questionnaires regarding pre-college exercise and PE experiences, exercise images, self-compassion, physical competence, and subjective well-being. The participants were divided into two groups according to their extracurricular activity experience. Correlation analysis, t-tests, and multiple regression analysis were conducted. The results showed that: (a) self-compassion was positively related to subjective well-being in both groups; (b) self-compassion was positively related to physical competence in the group with extracurricular experience; (c) no significant difference in self-compassion existed between the two groups; and (d) the three factors of ‘‘physical competence,’’ ‘‘reflecting on performance in PE,’’ and ‘‘instructors’ instruction was sensory’’ increased self-compassion in the group with extracurricular experience. Finally, we discussed the nature of the exercise and PE experiences and their images that may improve self-compassion.
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