ID 111635
著者
杉野, 弘 The University of Tokushima
Sugino, Kishiko The University of Tokushima
Hashimoto, Osamu National Institute of Health Sciences
Shoji, Hiroki Kagawa Medical University
Nakamura, Takanori Kagawa Medical University
キーワード
follistatin
activin
heparan sulfate
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Follistatin (FS), a specific binding protein for activin, neutralizes the diverse actions of activin by forming an inactive complex with activin. FS is a monomer derived from two polypeptide core sequences of 288 (FS-288) and 315 (FS-315) amino acids originated from alternatively spliced mRNA. We purified six molecular forms of FS from porcine ovaries. Their structural differences were caused by truncation of the COOH-terminal region and/or the presence of carbohydrate chains, resulting in the formation of FS-288, FS-315 and FS composed of 303 amino acids (FS-303) in various forms of glycosylation on the two potential Asn-linked glycosylation sites. All six molecular species have almost the same activin binding activity (Kd=540-680 pM). By contrast, the COOH-terminal truncated form, FS-288, showed much higher affinity for heparan sulfate proteoglycans of the cell surface than FS-303, whereas the intact form of FS, FS-315, had no affinity. Furthermore, FS-288 more effectively blocked the suppression of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion from rat pituitary cells by activin. This implies that activin binds to the cell surface through FS-288 which adheres to the cell surface. To clarify the physiological role of cell-associated FS, we then investigated the binding of activin to cell-associated FS and the fate of cell surface-bound activin and FS using primary cultured rat pituitary and ovarian granulosa cells. When the cells were incubated with 125I-activin A in the presence of FS-288 or 315, the binding of activin A to the cell surface was promoted much more markedly by FS-288 than by FS-315. The amounts of radioactivity recovered in trichloroacetic acid-soluble fractions (degraded activin) from the incubation medium were greatly increased by the addition of FS-288. This increase was abolished by heparan sulfate, monensin (an endocytosis inhibitor), chloroquine (a lysosome function inhibitor) and several lysosomal enzyme inhibitors. These results suggest that cell-associated FS-288 accelerates the internalization of activin into the cells, leading to its degradation by lysosomal enzymes, and that cell surface-associated FS therefore plays a role in the clearance system of activin.
掲載誌名
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13431420
cat書誌ID
AA11166929
出版者
The University of Tokushima School of Medicine
44
1-2
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
14
並び順
1
発行日
1997-08
EDB ID
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
出版社版