Furochi, Harumi The University of Tokushima
Tamura, Seiko The University of Tokushima
Takeshima, Kayo The University of Tokushima
We have previously shown that osteoactivin, a type I membrane glycoprotein expressed in myofibers, upregulated expression of matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 in fibroblasts infiltrated denervated skeletal muscle in mice. To address whether osteoactivin-mediated increase in MMPs in skeletal muscle is useful for regeneration of denervated skeletal muscle, we subjected osteoactivin-transgenic mice to long-term denervation for 70 or 90 days. Long-term denervation caused severe degeneration of myofibers and fibrosis in skeletal muscle of wild-type mice. However, overexpression of osteoactivin protected skeletal muscle from such changes. Infiltration of fibroblast-like cells and collagen deposition were sustained at low levels after long-term denervation in skeletal muscle of osteoactivin-transgenic mice. This cytoprotective effect of osteoactivin was supported by the expression of regeneration/degeneration-associated genes in the gastrocnemius muscle during denervation. Denervation significantly upregulated the expression of anti-fibrotic genes, such as glypican-1 and decorin-1, in the gastrocnemius muscle of osteoactivin-transgenic mice, compared with wild-type mice. In contrast, overexpression of osteoactivin caused a significant reduction in denervation-induced expression of elongation factor 1A-1, an indicator for the persistence of degenerated cells. Our results suggest that an osteoactivin-mediated increase in MMPs in skeletal muscle might be useful for protecting injured muscle from fibrosis, leading to full regeneration after denervation.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
jmi_54_3-4_248.pdf 696 KB