ID 111326
著者
Tradtrantip, Lukmanee University of California
Tajima, Masato University of California
Li, Lihua University of California
Verkman, AS University of California
キーワード
water channel
water transport
kidney
salivary gland
epithelium
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Aquaporins (AQPs) are membrane water channels that are involved in a diverse set of functions in mammalian physiology including epithelial fluid transport, brain water balance, cell migration, cell proliferation, neuroexcitation, fat metabolism, epidermal hydration, and others. Phenotype analysis of knockout mice has demonstrated an important role for AQPs in transepithelial fluid transport in kidney tubules, salivary and airway submucosal glands, choroid plexus and ciliary epithelium. The physiological functions of these epithelia, such as absorption of glomerular filtrate by proximal tubule and secretion of saliva by salivary gland, involve rapid transcellular water transport across epithelial cell barriers. Studies in knockout mice have also provided evidence that AQPs are not physiologically important in some epithelia where they are expressed, including lacrimal gland, sweat gland, gallbladder, alveoli and airways. Rates of transepithelial fluid transport per unit membrane surface area in these epithelia are substantially lower than transepithelial fluid transport rates in proximal tubule and salivary gland. Pharmacological inhibition of AQP water permeability in epithelia, with consequent reduced fluid transport, offers potential therapy for human diseases involving water imbalance such as congestive heart failure, hypertension and glaucoma.
掲載誌名
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
cat書誌ID
AA11166929
AA12022913
出版者
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
56
Supplement
開始ページ
179
終了ページ
184
並び順
179
発行日
2009-12
出版社版DOI
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
出版社版