ID 112401
Author
Mizuguchi, Chiharu Kyoto Pharmaceutical University|Tokushima University
Nakamura, Mitsuki Kyoto Pharmaceutical University
Kurimitsu, Naoko Kyoto Pharmaceutical University
Ohgita, Takashi Kyoto Pharmaceutical University
Baba, Teruhiko National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
Shimanouchi, Toshinori Okayama University
Saito, Hiroyuki Kyoto Pharmaceutical University KAKEN Search Researchers
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Here, we examined the effects of phosphatidylserine (PS) and cholesterol on the fibril-forming properties of the N-terminal 1‒83 fragment of an amyloidogenic G26R variant of apoA-I bound to small unilamellar vesicles. A thioflavin T fluorescence assay together with microscopic observations showed that PS significantly retards the nucleation step in fibril formation by apoA-I 1‒83/G26R, whereas cholesterol slightly enhances fibril formation. Circular dichroism analyses demonstrated that PS facilitates a structural transition from random coil to α-helix in apoA-I 1‒83/G26R with great stabilization of the α-helical structure upon lipid binding. Isothermal titration calorimetry measurements revealed that PS induces a marked increase in capacity for binding of apoA-I 1‒83/G26R to the membrane surface, perhaps due to electrostatic interactions of positively charged amino acids in apoA-I with PS. Such effects of PS to enhance lipid interactions and inhibit fibril formation of apoA-I were also observed for the amyloidogenic region-containing apoA-I 8‒33/G26R peptide. Fluorescence measurements using environment-sensitive probes indicated that PS induces a more solvent-exposed, membrane-bound conformation in the amyloidogenic region of apoA-I without affecting membrane fluidity. Since cell membranes have highly heterogeneous lipid compositions, our findings may provide a molecular basis for the preferential deposition of apoA-I amyloid fibrils in tissues and organs.
Journal Title
Scientific Reports
ISSN
20452322
Publisher
Springer Nature
Volume
8
Start Page
5497
Published Date
2018-04-03
Remark
Supplementary Information : srep_8_5497_s1.docx
Rights
© The Author(s) 2018
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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language
eng
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departments
Medical Sciences
Pharmaceutical Sciences