Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD)
Diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD)
Overactive bladder (OAB)
Detrusor hyperactivity with impaired contractility (DHIC)
Diabetes mellitus (DM)
Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) tend to show high prevalence of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD), including diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD), diabetic cystopathy and overactive bladder (OAB). LUTD is observed in 43-87% of T1DM, and 25% of T2DM. Compared to non-DM, DM has 7.5 times more OAB. When OAB is found during urination and bladder contractility is found during urination, such complexed situation is called detrusor hyperactivity with impaired contractility (DHIC). Some treatments were observed such as pharmacotherapy and Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injection therapy. Recent research developments include low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (Li-ESWT) and electroacupuncture (EA).
SunText Review of Renal Sciences
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
|DOI (Published Version)|
srrc_1_1_101.pdf 330 KB