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Mitchell, Bobby The Ohio State University
Sakamaki, Takuma Tokushima University
Hirai, Yuzo Tokushima University
Kim, Do-Gyoon The Ohio State University
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Background/purpose: Primary stability of orthodontic miniscrew system is of great importance in maintaining stable anchorage during a treatment period. Thus, this study aimed to examine whether the thread shape of orthodontic miniscrew had an effect on its mechanical stability in bone.
Materials and methods: Three different types of miniscrews (type A and B with a regular thread shape; type C with a novel thread shape) were placed in artificial bone block with different artificial cortical bone thickness of 1.5, 2.0 and 3.0 mm. Values of maximum insertion torque (MIT), removal torque (RT), torque ratio (TR), screw mobility, static stiffness (K), dynamic stiffness (K∗) and energy dissipation (tan δ) ability were assessed for each miniscrew system.
Results: The MIT, RT, TR and K of type C miniscrew were significantly greater than those of type A and B miniscrews when the miniscrews were placed in the thinner artificial bone. Furthermore, the TR value of type C miniscrew was more than 1, indicating the MRT value was larger than the MIT value in the novel miniscrew. The values of K∗ and tan δ were almost similar among the three types of miniscrews.
Conclusion: The miniscrew with a novel thread shape showed a higher initial stability compared to those with a regular thread shape. Thus, in order to obtain a sufficient initial stability, it is important to select the type of screw thread that is appropriate for the thickness of the cortical bone.
Journal of Dental Sciences
Association for Dental Sciences of the Republic of China|Elsevier
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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jds_17_3_1244.pdf 1.72 MB