Majima, Dai Tokushima University
Mitsuhashi, Ryosuke Tokushima University
Yamasaki, Misaki Tokushima University
Kajimoto, Kazuaki The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
Obesity is a pathological state related to various lifestyle-related diseases, such as diabetes and dyslipidemia, that may be prevented through the development of anti-obesity treatments. Lipid accumulation in cells could be affected by vitamin E ester α-tocopheryl succinate (TS), which has various biological activities, such as anti-cancer effect, via activation of cell signaling pathways, although the antioxidative activity of TS is lost due to esterification of the phenolic OH group. In this study, we found for the first time that TS significantly suppressed lipid accumulation in mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes. TS treatment reduced the amount of triglycerides in the culture medium, and inhibited activity of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, a marker of lipid synthesis. Furthermore, TS accelerated lipolysis. Treatment of adipocytes with TS for 24 h induced no significant cytotoxicity. In TS-treated cells, phosphorylation of Akt, which is involved in fatty acid synthesis via sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBP), was prevented, while levels of phosphorylated protein kinase A (PKA) did not change. Taken together, these results suggest that vitamin E ester TS can suppress lipid accumulation in adipocytes by regulating lipid metabolic cell signaling.
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
bpb_44_1_46.pdf 1.06 MB