Yamaguchi, Natsumi Tokushima University
Kosaka, Yoshitaka Tokushima University
Objective: Precise and reliable echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is needed for clinical decision-making. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) models have been developed to estimate LVEF accurately. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an AI model could estimate an expert read of LVEF and reduce the interinstitutional variability of level 1 readers with the AI-LVEF displayed on the echocardiographic screen.
Methods: This prospective, multicentre echocardiographic study was conducted by five cardiologists of level 1 echocardiographic skill (minimum level of competency to interpret images) from different hospitals. Protocol 1: Visual LVEFs for the 48 cases were measured without input from the AI-LVEF. Protocol 2: the 48 cases were again shown to all readers with inclusion of AI-LVEF data. To assess the concordance and accuracy with or without AI-LVEF, each visual LVEF measurement was compared with an average of the estimates by five expert readers as a reference.
Results: A good correlation was found between AI-LVEF and reference LVEF (r=0.90, p<0.001) from the expert readers. For the classification LVEF, the area under the curve was 0.95 on heart failure with preserved EF and 0.96 on heart failure reduced EF. For the precision, the SD was reduced from 6.1±2.3 to 2.5±0.9 (p<0.001) with AI-LVEF. For the accuracy, the root-mean squared error was improved from 7.5±3.1 to 5.6±3.2 (p=0.004) with AI-LVEF.
Conclusions: AI can assist with the interpretation of systolic function on an echocardiogram for level 1 readers from different institutions.
BMJ Publishing Group|British Cardiovascular Society
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