Pulmonary tuberculosis with hypercalcemia
Wada, Toshihiro Shikoku Central Hospital
An 80-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further examination of fever, cough and left pleural effusion. The laboratory findings showed acute inflammation, and the elevation of albumin-corrected serum calcium and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. A chest CT revealed centrilobular particulate opacity in the bilateral lung fields and left pleural effusion, indicating acute hypercalcemia and hypervitaminosis D associated with pulmonary tuberculosis. By the confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on polymerase chain reaction and cultures of the sputum and pleural effusion, a diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was made. The patient successfully completed a 9-month course of the anti-tuberculosis treatment, and bilateral infiltrative shadows and left pleural effusion in chest X-ray disappeared. Symptoms progressively improved and serum level of albumin-corrected calcium and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 eventually normalized. While pulmonary tuberculosis is an infrequent cause of hypercalcemia, it should be considered in patients with hypercalcemia and elevated serum level of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
The Journal of Medical Investigation
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
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