トラウマ タイケン ノ ウム ト ソノ コウゾウカ カイジ ガ シンシン キノウ ニ オヨボス エイキョウ
Effects of the presence of trauma and the structured disclosure of trauma on physical and mental function
吉田, 真由子 医療法人養生園 障害者多機能型事業所 清風
長谷川, 千詠 亀山市役所健康福祉部子ども総合センター子ども支援室
松田, 郁緒 美波町役場
久楽, 貴恵 平成22 年度徳島大学大学院総合科学教育部臨床心理学専攻修了
The purposes of this study were to compare health, cognitive functioning, and negative rumination between individuals who have experienced trauma and those who do not, and to examine the effect of structured disclosure of trauma on posttraumatic stress reactions (PTSR), health, and cognitive functioning. In Study Ⅰ, participants were 24 undergraduates at 9 or more scores of Impact of Event Scale(IES), which measures PTSR(the trauma group), and 15 undergraduates with no trauma (the no trauma group). Results showed that the trauma group was more unhealthy and ruminative than the no trauma group. In Study Ⅱ, participants in the trauma group were randomly assigned into three groups: the structured disclosure group(n=9), the free disclosure group(n=8), and the control group(n=7). Participants in the structured disclosure group were asked to write adaptive thought of the event. The free disclosure group wrote the deepest emotion and thought about the trauma freely. The control group wrote their plan after the experiment without emotion. Results showed that all the participants in the groups revealed significantly improvement in PTSR, mental health, and cognitive functioning from pre assessment to 1 month follow-up assessment. Results of this study were discussed in connection with previous studies.
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